The Municipality of Güímar


The municipality of Güímar

Imagine a place where the waves break in a sea of ​​lava; a landscape with steep ravines in which a cave with "thousand mummies" that nobody has managed to find; a valley with a snow-covered volcano that observes centuries of history, pyramids and the beach where the miraculous image of the saint patron of the Canary Islands appeared. Did you know that here was the second wonder of Tenerife, the giant waterfall that European scientists visited on their way to the Indies?

This and much more is Güímar, a municipality in the southeast of Tenerife with unique legends and traditions and a great natural, historical and cultural heritage to discover.

 



Orography

Güímar is located in a valley or sink, which according to various geologists, is the result of erosion of volcanic material, which has become detached and has reached up to two thousand feet deep into the sea.

After this replacement, the valley continued to fill with the erosion product of the peaks. In the coastal region, it is easy to distinguish between the result of the earlier erosions that today form the “Malpaís” nature reserve and the lava fields that run in a fan-like direction towards the sea. This natural spectacle is rounded off by strips of sand, which are deposited by the influence of the trade winds, especially in the upper part of the Malpaís.

 

The coasts

The coast is, being a product of erosion and thus numerous lava flows, which flowed into the sea, very steep. These rock formations were broken only by the junctions of the great gorges. These stones, called “callaos”, were formed by the pouring water from the mountain peaks. The coasts where they can be found are “Callaos del Socorro” and “Los de las Bajas” in “El Puertito”. In some cases you can find the Callaos also in the confluence of the gorge and other smaller gorges.

 

 


Hydrology

Güímar is criss-crossed by deep ravines whose canals reach into the depths of the island, which make its early geological formations evident.

Inside, on the edge of the ravines, tunnels have been created to supply the population with water for their own consumption, including agriculture. The main gorges are “Herques”, “El Escobonal”, “Badajoz” also called “Chamoco”, “El Agua” or “del Río” and “Fajana” or “La Hoya”.

When the Castilians conquered Tenerife in 1496, the main gorges of Güímar had water in their canals. Due to numerous volcanic eruptions, the water seeped until the end of the 18th century. The last outbreak of Güímar took place in 1705. The lava spilled near the Arafo Gorge from Pedro Gil to near the sea.


The district of Agache

Agache is a region of Güímar, which occupies the southern half of the municipality and has retained traditional features that distinguishes it from the valley, where the community center is located. The area is divided into the so called “Medianías”, a sort of region on half-height, and the coast.

Agache contains the urban centers of “Pájara”, “La Medida”, “El Escobonal” and others in the Medianías. “El Tablado”, “Punta Prieta”, “La Caleta” and “Santa Lucía” are more urban centers next to the coast that count with a total of 2000 inhabitants.

The orography of the mountains is different to the one of the Valle de Güímar. Although the elevation is not very high, numerous gorges arose from which the territory is permeated and thus characterize it.

Some of these gorges are “Archifira”, “Guaco”, “Amorín”, “Frías”, as well as the already mentioned gorge “Herques”, which separates the municipalities of Güímar and Fasnia.