Pyramids of Güímar

Pyramids of Güímar



The Ethnographic Park "Pirámides de Güímar" was founded in 1998 by the renowned Norwegian explorer Thor Heyerdahl, who was responsible for the protection of the pyramids on the basis of a city plan. He has created the Ethnographic Park to ensure its exploration and preservation. On more than 64,000 m² you can discover the pyramid complex, the museum, the auditorium, several outdoor routes and large gardens.

The existence of the stepped pyramids in Güímar manifested itself at the beginning of the nineties, when the information came into the hands of respected anthropologist Thor Heyerdahl. This researcher, who spent much of his life researching the cultural origins of ancient civilizations worldwide, carefully examined the structures of Güímar. The similarity of these constructions with those of Sicily, Mexico, Mesopotamia, Polynesia and Peru encouraged the researchers to settle in Tenerife to study them on site.

There are several theories about the origin and antiquity of the pyramids. Some researchers believe that these are stones called "majanos", used by farmers to cultivate the soil. On the other hand, Heyerdahl related the existence of the pyramids to ancient civilizations, arguing that the constructive details of the pyramids resemble the architectural principles of the Old and New World and therefore could not be the result of a mere accumulation of stones. In 1991, an archaeological team from the University of La Laguna (Tenerife) and the FERCO Foundation carried out the first excavations on the square between two of the pyramids of the main complex. This archaeological campaign produced a number of materials from the mid-19th century. In parallel, researchers from the Canary Islands Institute of Astrophysics have studied the archaeo-astronomical properties of these structures. These studies showed that the pyramids are astronomically aligned to the summer and winter solstice.

Later, another theory was put forward that connects the pyramids with the owner, Antonio Díaz-Flores, in the mid-19th century. In the purchase documents of the country of 1854, the stepped structures were not mentioned, while the testament written by Díaz-Flores in 1872 mentions these structures. This would limit the construction date to this short span of two decades, which coincides with the dating of the finds from the first excavation campaign on the field. If this theory is correct, it would not diminish the cultural value of the pyramids, but dedicate it as an ethnographic element. They would bear witness to the knowledge and tasks of the Canarian people of the 19th century, and therefore the need to preserve them would be assured.

 

In 2017, the Ethnographic Park "Pirámides de Güímar" received the prestigious name Botanical Garden, unanimously awarded by the Ibero-Makaronesian Association of Botanical Gardens. This recognition is the result of many years of work: as open-air museum, several open paths to culture, history, botany and Canarian nature have been created, which give greater importance to our botanical collection today. It is an integral part of the exhibitions in the more than 20,000 m² walk-in garden areas that can be discovered